How do I start learning about Aboriginal culture?

There's so much to learn that it can feel overwhelming. Fear not! This guide helps you get started at just the right pace.

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Why is it important to learn about Aboriginal culture?

Exploring another culture opens you up to learn a different point of view, other solutions, new wisdom, and helps you to connect and have empathy. When you understand a bit about someone's culture it's much easier to relate to them.

Learning about Aboriginal culture specifically gives you an understanding of a vast history of this continent that history books and lessons struggle to capture or convey. It is also an opportunity to understand the damage invasion and colonisation did to Aboriginal culture.

When you know Aboriginal perspectives you can bring a greater understanding to your and other peoples' lives. Just think about the massive bushfires that devastate Australia time and again – if more authorities had Aboriginal cultural knowledge, they might prepare the land differently.

And if you are Aboriginal yourself, you might find that there is not much knowledge passed down in your family because of the Stolen Generations and dispossession, and you want to supplement what you know with more.

Almost no Australians know anything about the Aboriginal civilisation because our educators, emboldened by historians, politicians and the clergy, have refused to mention it for 230 years. — Bruce Pascoe, Aboriginal writer and historian [1]

Where do I start?

Learning about Aboriginal culture is a little like setting up a new garden bed. First you need to clear the ground and pull out the weeds. Then you put new seeds into the ground, give them fertiliser and water them regularly.

And that's exactly what we are going to do!

Step 1: Clearing the weeds

Let's first become aware of some of the stereotypes and myths (the weeds) that are in your head, probably copied unconsciously when you first heard (and believed) them. Many people carry them around and pass them on, spreading them literally like weed spreads.

Is there one 'Aboriginal culture'?

A very common misconception is that there is one Aboriginal culture and language. "What's the Aboriginal word for ...?" is a symptomatic question.

An important foundation of your new garden bed is to know that Aboriginal culture is very diverse. Before invasion there were about 250 different Aboriginal nations, each with their own language and dialects, cultural protocols, diet and customs.

Think of it: Australia is as large as Europe and has very different environments, from coastal to inland, from desert to rainforest. A boomerang is of little use in the rainforest, just as knowledge about crocodiles is in the desert.

Remember: There are many Aboriginal nations which are as diverse as a beautiful garden of flowers.

Aboriginal people have dark skin and live in the outback

This is a very noxious weed that grows everywhere! Just look at images used by the tourism industry: Aboriginal people are painted and dancing, are not named and shown in nature. It's hard to rip this one out.

Most Aboriginal people don't work for the tourist industry, so they are not painted and don't dance. They hold jobs like you and me and try to master their challenges just like we do too.

Statistically speaking, the highest number of Aboriginal people live in Western Sydney and not the outback. Proportionally (i.e. as a percentage of the population) you'll find the highest percentage in the Northern Territory.

As for their skin colour, remember diversity. Aboriginal people literally come in all colours, from very dark skin to white skin. Why is this so? Because their ancestors mixed with other Australians as they fell in love across cultures, or, on a more dark note, when Aboriginal women were raped by British invaders and colonists.

It's not the colour of your skin that determines if you are Aboriginal, it is your ancestry and your own decision about how you identify.

Remember: The highest number of Aboriginal people live in cities and their skin colour is just as diverse as their culture.

Next steps

Before you wash your hands from all the weed-pulling, immerse yourself into a few more, so nothing grows where your new knowledge will sprout.

Homework: Clear more weeds! Read about even more myths and stereotypes you can put into the dumpster.

Step 2: Putting in the seeds

Before you rip open the new bag of seeds there's an important step to take: Always read the label. Why? Because in our case we need to speak the same (respectful) language when we talk about Aboriginal culture – especially if you are talking to Aboriginal people later on.

Use the right words

As you read more articles and posts you'll notice different words and terms that people use to refer to Aboriginal people. Let's sort the good seeds from the poor ones.

Good seeds to use:

  • Aboriginal people. This is the most accepted term. I use it on this website in an inclusive way, meaning I include people from the Torres Strait. You can also use "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people". Don't abbreviate it (that abbreviation has a bad rep).
  • Use the Aboriginal nation. Even better: Use the nation's name if you're talking about a specific group of people. You would say "I love Italian pasta" and not "I love European pasta", right? Then say "I met some Wiradjuri people" rather than "I met some Aboriginal people".

Poor seeds – don't use these:

  • "Indigenous people". This is used a lot, unfortunately, and I assume mainly because it nicely combines "Aboriginal" and "Torres Strait Islander" into one term. But many Aboriginal people don't like it. Let's respect that.
  • "Aborigine". This term was used by invaders and colonisers and thus got a bad taste to it. Some media are still using it today – please don't follow their habit.

Remember: By using the right terms you show your respect and demonstrate that you have already learned something.

Homework: There are many more words to steer clear of. Review the list of appropriate words so you can keep your seed bag clean. Especially if writing is your business.

Step 3: Let it grow

With what you know now you are already ahead of many Australians. Now it's time to water and grow what you've planted.

Aboriginal Culture Essentials

I've realised that many people have less time to read long-form and in-depth articles (i.e. much of the content I've written for this website!). That's why I've created a resource that has short chapters about the essential and important aspects of Aboriginal culture.

Consider getting a copy of the ebook Aboriginal Culture Essentials so you can nurture and expand what you learned here today. Don't worry about the infographics for now, just get the ebook. It comes with quizzes and fun activities so you won't be bored, I promise!

Get the ebook!

Aboriginal culture in a coffee cup

That's how I call my mini-course about Aboriginal culture. Shorter than the ebook it's a compact introduction into some of the important issues of Aboriginal history. It costs you around the price of a coffee, hence the title. Get it here.

Whatever you decide as your next step, don't forget to water your growing knowledge: Read, participate, ask, be open. There is so much to learn, and it is exciting!

Remember: Just like a garden is never finished, keep maintaining and extending your knowledge about Aboriginal culture.


View article sources (1)

[1] 'Australia: Temper and Bias', Bruce Pascoe in: Meanjin Quarterly, Spring 2018,, retrieved 21/2/2020

Harvard citation

Korff, J 2020, How do I start learning about Aboriginal culture?, <>, retrieved 26 February 2020

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